References by Topic

1. What is curriculum?

Shelly, G.B., Cashman, T.J., Gunter, G.A., & Gunter, R.E. (2006). Teachers Discovery Computers: Integrated Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. 4th ed. Boston: Thomson Course Technology.

Masifundisane Training & Development Projects. (2004). Study Guide: Curriculum Development And Assessment. Durban

Kelly, A.V. (1989). The Curriculum: Theory and Practice. 3rd ed. London: Paul Chapman.

Department of Education. (2003). National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12 (General): Physical Sciences. Pretoria.

Wkipedia. The Free encyclopedia: Definittion of Curriculum. Retrieved May 03, 2006 from

2. Digital media and learning styles

Shelley, G, Cashman, T, Gunter, G and Gunter, R.
Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom.
4th Edition. Boston: Thomson Course Technology, 2006.

Technology's Impact on Learning. Retrieved 04/28/2006,

3. Changing Instructional Strategies


The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning

6, No 3 (2005)

Table of Contents

Volume 6, Number 3: Well Balanced with an International Focus
Terry Anderson

System Dynamics in Distance Education and a Call to Develop a Standard Model
Abstract HTML
Steven C. Shaffer

Problem-based Learning in an Online Course: A case study
Abstract HTML
James D. Cheaney, Thomas Ingebritsen

Remote Access to Instrumental Analysis for Distance Education in Science
Abstract HTML
Dietmar Kennepohl, Jit Baran, Martin Connors, Kieron Quigley, Ron Currie

Teachers’ Invisible Presence in Net-based Distance Education
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Agneta Hult, Ethel Dahlgren, David Hamilton, Tor Söderström

Distance Higher Education Experiences of Arab Gulf Students in the United States: A cultural perspective
Abstract HTML
Aisha S. Al-Harthi

The Online Learning Environment: Creating a space for women learners?
Abstract HTML
Shushita Gokool-Ramdoo

Tensions in Learner Support and Tutor Support in Tertiary Web-based English Education in China
Abstract HTML
Tong Wang

The Effects of Linguistic Qualifiers and Intensifiers on Group Interaction and Performance in Computer-Supported Collaborative Argumentation
Abstract HTML
Allan C. Jeong

Distance Education and Languages: evolution and change
Rashid Aderinoye

Technology, e-Learning and Distance Education (2nd edition)
Heather Kanuka

Text-based Conferencing: Features vs. functionality
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Lynn Anderson, Kathy McCarthy

Audio/ Videoconferencing Packages: High cost
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Sonia Murillo, Mary Rizzuto, Urel Sawyers

Audio/ Videoconferencing Packages: Low cost
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Remi Treblay, Barb Fyvie, Brenda K
4. Technology and the learning process

Gemeinhardt, Gretchen 2002. "Best Practices in Technology-Mediated Learning in American Business Education."
International Forum of Educational Technology & Society. 2002. IEEE.
Retrieved 21 April 2006 from

Shelley, G, Cashman, T, Gunter, G and Gunter, R.
Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom.
4th Edition. Boston: Thomson Course Technology, 2006.

SJE Online. 2006. St John the Evangelist School.
Retrieved 28 April 2006 from

Starr, Linda. "Technology Article: Same Time, This Year." Education World: The Educator's Best Friend. 2001. Education World.
Retrieved 28 April 2006 from

"Technology in the Classroom." ThinkQuest. 2006. Oracle Education Foundation.
Retrieved 27 April 2006 from

"Technology's Impact on Learning." NSBA. National School Boards Association.
Retrieved 7 May 2006 from

5. Lower and higher order thinking skills

Adams, S, and Burns, M, (1999). Connecting student learning and technology. Austin: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory.

Graphic of Bloom's Taxomomy for thinking.
Profound learning systems. Retrieved May 05, 2006 from Educational solutions overview Web site:

Burns, Mary (2006).Tools for the Mind. Educational Leadership. January 2006, 48-53.

Cotton, K. (1991). Close-Up #11: Teaching Thinking Skills. Retrieved on May 7, 2006 from Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory's School Improvement Research Series Web site:

Graphic of Learning skills.
Enns, Beverley (graphic) (2002). Tips for Preparing the Comprehensive Questions and Papers. Retrieved May 5, 2006 from Capella University Web site:

Graphic of GIS
Retrieved May 4,2006, from Sembutilities Web site:

McGuinness, C. (1999) From Thinking Skills to Thinking
Classrooms: A review and evaluation of approaches for
developing pupils’ thinking. Nottingham: DfEE Publications.

Graphic of Collaborative Learning.
(2005). Profound learning systems. Retrieved May, 05, 05, from Educational solutions overview Web site:

Resnick, L. B. (1987) Education and Learning to Think.
Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Wilson, Valerie (2000, 05). Can Thinking Skills Be Taught? A paper for discussion. Retrieved April 30,2006, from Research report collection Web site:

6. Technology Integration in the Classroom

Jeffries,S (2000). Technology Integration in the Classroom: A Perspective from a Future Teacher. Retrieved 05.03.2006,

Shelly, G., Cashman, T., Cunter, G., & Gunter, R. (2006). Integrating technology and digital media in the classroom. 4 th ed. Boston: Thomson.

Department of Education, (2003). Draft White Paper on e-Education, Retrieved May, 08, 2006, from

7. Planning Lessons with Technology

Academy of Teaching Excellence (2002), Course Construction: ASSURE. Retrieved May 8, 2006,

Effigy Mounds National Monument (n.d.), K-W-L Charts. Retrieved May 8, 2006.

Hurt, N. (2000). KWL Charts. Retrieved May 8, 2006,

Shelly, GB, Cashman, TJ, Gunter, GA, and Gunter, RE (2006), Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. 4th ed. Thomson Course Technology: Boston.

8. Introducing Learning with Computers at a New School

Professor Dede, C (1995,October). Testimony to the US Congress, House of Representatives: Joint Hearing on Educational Technology in the 21st Century – Committee on Science and Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities. Retrieved April 26,2006,

Wiske, M.S.(n.d.). A New Culture of Teaching for the 21st Century. Retrieved April 26,2006,

Seal, Kathy (2002). Transforming Teaching & Learning Through Technology. Retrieved April 24,2006,

9.Creating an Integrated Learning Environment

Shelly, G., Cashman, T., Gunter, G., and Gunter, R. (2006). Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. 4th ed. Boston: Thomson.

Maxfield, J., Hardy, L., and Benson R. (n.d.). Creating a pedagogically integrated learning environment for on-campus, off-campus and off-shore. Retrieved 27 April 2006, from,%20Hardy%20Benson.pdfstudents

Notes on Integrated learning environments available at

10. Creating and Using Web Logs

Rebecca blood:web log: A history and perspectives

Shelly, G.B. Cashman, T.J and Gunter, G.A and Gunter, R.E (2006) Teachers Discovering Technology: integrating Technology and digital Media in the Classroom. (4th ed) Boston: Thomson Course Technology.

The weblog handbook: Practical advice on creating and maintaining your blog, retrieved 02 May 2006

Http://, Retrieved May 5 2006

Wikipedia free encyclopedia. Accessed 28 April 2006

Personal blog, retrieved 3 May 2006.

11. Cognitivism

Central Oregon Community College, (2006). Cognitivism. Retrieved April 22 2006,

Gronlund, N.E (2005). Bloom's Taxonomy: Cognitive domain. University of Mississippi, Retrieved April 27 2004,

North American Division Office of Education, (2004). Journey to Excellence: Cognitivism. Retrieved April 22 2006,

Schuman, L (1996). What are the problems and strengths of these theories? Retrieved April 27 2004,

Shelly, G.B, Cashman, T.J and Gunter, G.A and Gunter, R.E. (2006) Teachers Discovering Technology: Integrating Technology and digital Media in the Classroom.(4th ed.) Boston: Thomson Course Technology.

Bloom (Graphic) Retrieved from <>

Bloom's Taxonomy pyramid (Graphic) Retrieved from <>

Computer image(Graphic) Retrieved from < >

Gagne (Graphic) Retrieved from <>

Gardner (Grapgic) Retrieved from <>

Multiple Intelligence chart (Graphic) retrieved from <>

12. Constructivism

Alessi, Stephen. Multimedia for Learning. third. Allyn and Bacon, 2001.

Boudourides, Moses. Constructivism and Education: A Shopper's Guide. 1998, Retrieved 29 April 2006

Clark, Donald.
A Short Biography of Jean Piaget. 1999, Retrieved 28 April, 2006

Dougiamas, Martin.
A journey into Constructivism. 1998, Retrieved 1 May, 2006

Gallagher, Christina.
Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky. 1999, retrieved 28 April, 2006

Google Images, Retrieved 28 April, 2006,

Riegler, Alexander.
Ernst von Glasersfeld. 2006, Retrieved 25 April, 2006

Tan, Sophia.
Learning theories and the Software for teaching Literature.m 1998 1-7. Retrieved 1 May, 2006

13. Game-based Learning

Alessi SM & Trollip SR 1991, Computer-Based Instruction: Methods and Development, Prentice Hall:USA.

Flood S, 2006, All play and more work, VNU Business Publications, viewed 29/04/06,

Foreman J, 2003, Next-Generation Educational Technology versus the Lecture, viewed 29/04/06,

Foreman J, 2004, Game-Based Learning: How to Delight and Instruct in the 21st Century, viewed 29/04/06,

Garcia G, 2005, Digital game learning, In B. Hoffman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Technology, viewed 05/04/06,

Kirk J & Belovics R, 2004, An Intro to Online Training Games, viewed 29/04/06

Prensky M 2001, True Believers; Digital Game-Based Learning in the Military, ASDT Learning Circuits, viewed 29/04/06,

Prensky M 2001, Digital Game-Based Learning, viewed 29/04/06,

Shaffer DW, Squire KR, Halverson R, & Gee JP, 2004, Video games and the future of learning Academic Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory, University of Winconsin-Madison, viewed 29/04/06,

Tennis Ball Image.

Tennis Player Image.